What is a VOC?
Updated: Nov 10, 2022
VOC stands for Volatile Organic Compound. Volatile organic compounds, or VOCs, are one of the key contaminants to look out for in indoor air. We’ll discuss exactly what VOCs are, and how AirDoctor provides unparalleled protection against their risks. But, what are they and what can you do to make sure the air in your home is free from them?
What Are They?
“Volatile organic compound” refers to a compound with high vapor pressure and low water solubility. In other words, a VOC is capable of evaporating under normal indoor atmospheric conditions, according to the EPA.
VOCs are gases emitted from certain liquids or solids. While they can come from natural sources, most VOCs are human-made chemicals. They’re often found in petroleum fuels, hydraulic fluids, industrial solvents, and in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, refrigerants, and paints. Considered common groundwater contaminants, VOCs are also emitted from thousands of products, making them a prevalent air pollutant.
In fact, you’re likely surrounded by VOC-emitting products as you read this blog.
Common sources of VOCs include craft materials, paint, carpet, cleaning supplies, air fresheners, furniture, pesticides, cosmetic products, and building materials. They can also be produced using office equipment, smoking tobacco, and dry-cleaning clothes. Worse, VOC concentrations are up to ten times as high indoors as they are outdoors.
The Dangers Of VOCs
Are VOCs dangerous? In short, Yes. Many VOCs can contribute to short- and long-term
respiratory-related health concerns. They can either be harmful on their own or react with other gases to form other dangerous air pollutants.
On the less severe side of the spectrum, VOCs can be responsible for headaches, dizziness, or throat, nose, and eye irritation. They may also contribute to nausea or breathing troubles. Inhaled over long periods of time, VOCs can worsen symptoms for people with asthma.
In more severe cases, VOCs can cause damage to many organs, including the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system. A number of VOCs have also caused cancer, and benzene and formaldehyde have been deemed “probable human carcinogens.” Even a small number of indoor air VOCs, according to a 2020 study, “can increase certain health risks to unacceptable levels” (including cancer).
How To Combat VOCs
As prevalent as they are, it would be near impossible to rid our homes of all sources of VOCs. But fortunately, there are many steps we can take to reduce VOC exposure.
Source “Low VOCs” versions of paints and building supplies
Avoid the use of pesticides and use natural pest repellants instead (i.e. clove, lavender, peppermint, or eucalyptus essential oils mixed with water into a spray)
Avoid smoking inside or near your home
Use essential oils instead of air fresheners or candles
Provide adequate ventilation while using products with high VOCs (like cleaning products)
Let new building products and carpet air outside to off-gas VOCs before they’re installed
Shop secondhand to buy furniture that has already off-gassed a significant amount of VOCs
Even if all of these tips were to be followed, VOCs would still linger! Fortunately, true peace of mind is possible, all thanks to AirDoctor’s powerful purification. Through the process of chemical adsorption, our carbon-activated filters attract and trap VOCs within their porous surfaces. When these VOCs are locked up in one of our purifiers, they no longer put you and your family in danger.
Fresh Air Matters Has What You Need
In addition to VOCs, AirDoctor purifiers provide the ultimate protection against 99.99% of air contaminants as small as 0.003 microns. It’s no secret that our indoor air is becoming increasingly dangerous. In fact, the air we breathe within occupied dwellings can be up to 5 times more polluted than outdoor air. This is why we’re committed to providing uncompromised quality and delivering superior peace of mind. Clean the air you breathe with Fresh Air Matters and AirDoctor.